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Flax aka Linseed oil, ancient wood finish. Why some oil dries and some doesn't? Bonus: best oil for seasoning cast iron.

Discovered 9 000. Years ago what you smear on the tip of your hammer in in order to firm it up linseed oil boiled in this case also known as oil they were cultivating flax fibers 30 000 years ago and somewhere around 9 000. Years ago they made a change in order to get bigger seeds and more oil out of it that oil is a plastic. This is fascinating.

Because we can meld the two understandings ancient and artisanal understanding with modern day chemistry to figure out exactly what's going on if you look at vegetable oils in the ancient world. Some dry. And some do not olive oil does not dry it'll go rancid. But it won't dry out sunflower oil kind of sort of semi dries and then linseed oil specifically boiled and boiled.

Doesn't mean they actually get it up to a roiling boil. They just bring it up to a certain temperature. And then they add a sickativ that is something to dry it out from the inside out polymerize is something from the borat movies. So what how did they get ancient oil to plasticize without even knowing how oil is a hydrocarbon.

A chain of carbon bound with hydrogen edible oil has a lot of fatty acids in it which puts. A hydrogen over here and an o h. Group over here now in saturated fats. The dance card of all of the carbons is taken up by hydrogen in unsaturated fats sometimes there's a double bond with another car carbon they kind of well you know i don't judge.

And you can also have a triple double bond or a double double bond. Two of them in the same molecule. Three of them in the same molecule. These are unsaturated now a saturated fat or a hydrogenated fat.

That is an unsaturated fat that they bubble hydrogen through in order to get it to saturate. It doesn't have any of these double bonds they share two electrons that allows this hydrogen bond to be quite a bit weaker. And it can pop off our favorite sailor popeye has a penchant for olive oil olive oil contains lots of stearic acid. Which has none of these double bonds.

It's all saturated. Now linoleic acid. Which is linseed oil has two of these double bonds in it and another oil tung oil. Which is even more drying than linseed oil has uh iliosteric acid.

Which has three double bonds so these hydrogens are just waiting shaken champion at the bit in order to pop off there and in order for them to pop off. They have to have some interactions with their electrons. You know what's really good at moving electrons around is metal. That's why we put metal into the linseed oil.

We want to catalyze this reaction. So the hydrogen pops off it takes oxygen out of the air. The oxygen goes on here. The oxygen is highly reactive.

If you got two of these side by each they polymerize together and it makes it goes from a liquid to a solid and it can't change back into a liquid it turns. It's been plasticized. This is also what happens when you season. A cast iron pan.

You bring the oil up to temperature get these things shaking around and free radicals pop off you got an oxygen with an electron. There waiting to grab on to other free radicals form a polymer that's that hard waxy greasy surface that's why olive oil a saturated fat doesn't season pans very well because it doesn't have any of these double bonds what can form a hang bedang free radical in order to associate with other free radicals. So you want to use something like a flaxseed oil fit for human consumption. But doesn't have any of those metallic ions.

What boiled linseed oil or tongue oil have science or jfm. Just magic. It all amounts to the same you got pixies dancing around here. Doing stuff behind the seeds or eh linseed oil.

It's just chooches thanks for watching keep your digging device.

By AvvE

15 thoughts on “The secret of linseed oil.”
  1. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars who amI says:

    So many five bound carbons.. Dude 😀

  2. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Chris M says:

    Awesome video bud!

  3. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Justin van Zyl says:

    Great explanation, just a correction on the chem drawing needed. Carbon has four valence electrons so there can be at most four "bonds" per carbon (double bonds count as 2) so the drawing should be HO-CH2-CH-CH=CH-CH=CH-…

  4. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Emerson White says:

    "texas carbons" have 5 or more bonds.

  5. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Art Studio says:

    JFM Just Fucking Magic ….new AVE term

  6. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Nigel Port says:

    Pretty sure it's magic

  7. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars priit mölder says:

    Wait…. is this a NileRed video?

  8. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars sam rusoff says:

    Shouldn't the carbons that are part of any double bonds in that chain only have one hydrogen bonded, rather than two hydrogens? Hence the hydrogen-ation adding a bonded hydrogen in the process of converting the double bond to a single bond and changing the properties of the chain.

  9. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars RocketRaspeed says:

    Can you explain why diamond drillers use linseed oil? I've used it for drilling but I'm only 40% sure why.

  10. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars xcelarate1313 says:

    Brother you are why to smart 🤓🤓🤓🤓🎯🎯🎯🎯👌🏼👌🏼👌🏼👌🏼

  11. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars zj4041 says:

    Rag will autocombust in a box… Almost burnt my garage down…. Follow the microprint on the can if baught in store

  12. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars deldrinov says:

    My inner chemistry nurd got really angry about how you wrote those double bonds and carboxylic group.

  13. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Dylan Zrim says:

    I hear that pure olive oil is “better” at seasoning pans than extra virgin, but I can’t find pure and it doesn’t sound worth the effort. Best I can get is avocado or grape seed oil anyway

  14. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Rocket Man says:

    Lyn-oh-lay-yic acid.

  15. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Underground308 says:

    My first reaction after seeing this was to send it to my father.. After the thought I remember, my dad is gone. Passed away last month. That all familiar gut punch that hits so hard. My dad was a huge fan, and I have so many good memories of us watching your vidoes. Thank you for that.

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